Finance ministry officials appear not to have looked far for inspiration. From the national economy ministry in central Syntagma Square they have a bird’s eye view of the cafes where Greeks often sit for hours over a single coffee.
The sight appears to have induced them into introducing a 20% surcharge on the beverage, a tax that will go up or down depending on whether beans are roasted. E-cigarettes will also be the focus of a consumption tax.
The bill, which is expected to be announced in parliament on Wednesday, is the last in a series of “prior actions” the government must take to complete a delayed economic review that is key to keeping the debt-stricken country afloat.
The measures have to be legislated before a make-or-break meeting of eurozone finance ministers on 24 May where up to €12bn in emergency funds could be released. Athens faces default if it fails to honour €3.5bn in maturing ECB bonds and other debts in July.
The list of new levies does not stop at coffee, cigarettes and beer. Excise duties will also be added to the existing ones on fuel, petrol, heating oil and natural gas. TV subscriptions, landlines and internet broadband connections will rise by 10% and 5%.
Overnight stays at hotels bearing three stars or more will be subjected to extra duties ranging from €2-€4, with a tax on rented rooms also being introduced.
Value added tax – at 23% already the highest in the eurozone – will rise to 24% and be applied to packaged foods, to ice cream, tavernas, taxis as well as airline and ferry tickets.
Igniting a wave of angry debate, economists and tax officials have taken to the airwaves and television screens to discuss the merits of measures that many say will only encourage tax evasion.